Prostate Cancer Surgeries

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Cancer of the prostate gland (prostate cancer) is a disease that typically occurs in elderly patients. Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumors in men and is the third leading cause of cancer-related death. With early diagnosis, prostate cancer has a good chance of recovery. You can find out more about the symptoms and treatment of these tumours in the following articles.

Transplantation from a cadaveric kidney has several contraindications: oncological diseases, malignant hypertension, infections of the genitourinary system, kidney dysfunction, and other kidney diseases.

Possible symptoms of prostate cancer:

  • Urination
  • Burning during urination (often also in urinary tract inflammation)
  • Blood in the urine (haematuria, such as kidney or ureter stones)
  • Blood in the sperm (also occurs with prostate inflammation)
  • Erectile dysfunction (sometimes incorrectly referred to as impotence)

Possible symptoms of advanced, metastatic prostate cancer include:

  • Fatigue
  • Performance kink
  • Weakness

Possible therapies for prostate cancer:

  • Long-term observation
  • Active monitoring
  • Surgery: Radical prostatectomy
  • Radiation therapy/radiation (also brachytherapy)
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Other treatment methods

Surgery for localized prostate cancer (prostate cancer)

RPE is a possibility for the primary treatment of clinically (i.e. detected by examinations) localized prostate cancer (cT1-2 N0 M0) in patients of all risk groups (for these groups, see treatment planning). In one study, the effectiveness of RPE was shown compared to watchful waiting: in patients without metastases (T1b-T2 N0 M0), with a PSA value of less than 50 ng/ml and with a life expectancy of at least 10 years, it reduces the frequency of disease progression, the risk of distant metastases, mortality from prostate cancer and mortality overall. The patient must be informed about this by the treating urologist, as well as about the possibility and limits of a potency-preserving surgical technique.Patients with a high risk of disease progression and the desire for RPE should be informed that the risk of positive (tumour-affected) cutting edges, of the "recurrence" of the disease (recurrence), and any necessary measures (e.g. radiotherapy, hormone therapy) are higher than for low or medium risk.

Surgery for locally advanced prostate cancer (prostate cancer)

RPE is a primary treatment for clinically advanced prostate cancer (cT3-4 N0 M0). Patients with this tumour stage must be informed in advance about the advantages and disadvantages of therapy, both those of RPE with lymph node removal (see below lymphadenectomy) and radiotherapy (possibly with additional, temporary hormone therapy).RPE has also been recommended and performed for several years in patients with an advanced metastatic stage in selected cases with a low metastasis load. Nevertheless, the number of RPEs in Germany is declining by more than 25%. The reason for this is the better selection of patients for surgery and the renunciation of surgical intervention in low-risk tumours in which active surveillance is favoured.

Surgery for lymph node infestation

In the case of a histologically (by tissue examination) confirmed lymph node infestation, RPE and radiotherapy are available for local treatment, and immediate or delayed hormone therapy for systemic (general) treatment. A direct comparison of the methods, either alone or in combination, is not possible due to the current scientific data. The decision must therefore be made individually after detailed medical consultation (see also below for lymphadenectomy). An already clinically recognizable lymph node infestation (cN1) usually proves to be pronounced on histological examination.


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