Symptoms of urinary incontinence in men and women
The main sign of incontinence in a man or woman is the release of a small amount of urine when coughing, sneezing, and stressing, sleeping at night, or under the influence of other external or internal causes. Depending on the volume of the liquid, the incontinence is classified into mild, moderate, and severe forms. Also, the following symptoms indicate incontinence:.
- Excretion of urine outside the urge;
- Expiration of urine drop wise after emptying the bladder;
- "leakage" after imperative urges;
- Emptying after delayed mixing (a person tries to urinate to no avail, but urination occurs uncontrollably sometimes after a controlled attempt).
Causes of urinary incontinence
Among men, the following causes of incontinence prevail:
- Pathology of the bladder, urethra, ureters, and prostate gland (prostate hyperplasia is especially common as a cause of incontinence);
- Serious diseases of the central nervous system (multiple sclerosis, congenital malformations, injuries, intoxication);
- Surgical interventions on the urethra, prostate, and bladder;
- Circulatory disorders in the pelvis;
- Tumour diseases;
- Urogenital infections;
- Displacement of internal organs, leading to pressure on the bladder;
- The effects of radiation and chemotherapy;
- Mental disorders;
What are the treatments for urinary incontinence?
The main method of treating urinary incontinence under stress is surgical. To date, the "gold standard" and at the same time, the most studied operation is the installation of a synthetic medium urethral sling.
Other existing methods, such as the introduction of volume-forming substances under the urethra, Burch colposuspension, plastic surgery of the anterior wall of the vagina, etc., are less effective and can lead to serious side effects, the main of which is a violation of normal urination.